Friday, June 5, 2020
The core message of the George Clooneys Good Night and Good Luck is basically a warning to the modern YouTube culture where mass hysteria has jeopardized civil rights and liberties. Notably, Clooney has employed a Marxist ideology to attack the prevalent corporate influence and the government over the media industry. This influence of the media by the government and the corporate world according to Clooney, has led to undermining of the freedom of speech, and the right to information which are the most basic liberties in America. At the center of ClooneyÃ¢â¬â¢s ideology is an emphasis for writers/journalists to provide some form of interpretations to the kind of news they write instead of simply reporting verbatim what they encounter. This may even entail questioning the integrity and operations of the government and or corporation firms irrespective of their relationships to the media organizations. Clooney also revisits the tensions that resulted from the post-war paranoia throug h the sound, editing, lighting, characterization and acting. The events of the film are clearly a reflection of the modern world where the news and news media are largely run through advertisements. On the same note, the government, particularly the American one has taken control of the media industry and is keen on the news that seeks to tarnish or expose its evil dealings. Those that do so are treated to a harsh environment that threatens their business sustainability. On the same note, media corporations would not want to write negative stories of entities that advertise through them. Therefore, in MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, capitalism has contributed to the Ã¢â¬Å"bourgeoisieÃ¢â¬ of corporations including the media outlets (Etienne, 1995). Amidst these restrictions and media environment, some reporters are known for going against the whims of the seniors when doing their work. One of these newsmen is Edward Murrow who is considered as the master of the pause. The journalist is accredited for being courageous, principled, and clear who a dheres to the specifications of his profession. During the tumultuous moment in his time, he and his producer Fred Friendly at CBS chose to remain brave and refused to be influenced by the political class. For instance, they took and exposed the wickedness of Senator Joe McCarthy with disregard to the position he had held at that time. The period was in 1950s when the senator was popular in America as well as the entrancement of capitalism in the society. The phrase, Good night and good luck is commonly employed by Murrow as a signature of his TV and radio news programs. During the 1950s, the activities of the then senator McCarthy and the political environment which generated a climate of fear became too much for Murrow, the CBS reporter to tolerate. Through his speeches and outrageous claims such as the prevalence of 205 card carrying communists who were operating for the government, McCarthy was intimidating everyone including the president. It is also clear that he was also brandishing the idea of communism at the expense of promoting capitalism. In other words, McCarthy was against communism and as such, he was using evil tactics to attack it and portray it negatively. It is also suffice to say that being in the political class and having amassed a substantial level of wealth at that time, McCarthy was protecting capitalism for his own advantage. Marxist ideology is perhaps most applicable to the hierarchical nature of the CBS Corporation. In this corporation, the chief executive of CBS William Paley bars the stationÃ¢â¬â¢s reporter Murrow from reporting the news in an interpretive perspective. The reason why he prevents them from doing this is because he wants to conform to the pressures of advertising and to earn good rating in the industry. Stated differently, William Paley is clearly avoiding the risk to the source of income by doing something that is contrary to the advertiserÃ¢â¬â¢s demands. Consequently, the reporters are deprived of the autonomy in making decisions pertaining to how or what stories to make. In this CBS context, Marx would opine that the Ã¢â¬Å"bourgeoisieÃ¢â¬ of CBS has pulled back the vocal news reporters presenting the class struggle between the capitalists and the citizens. In light of the current political environment, Good Night, and Good Luck has showcased the danger of the government and corporate influence on the news media. As explicitly depicted, this grasp of the media will eventually lead to social and political chaos and the widespread hysteria. The Murrow/McCarthy feud portrayed in the movie is certainly is certainly used by the Clooney, the film author to encourage citizens to freely question the government and corporations regarding their motivations in relation to their actions. If the integrity of the news outlets are threatened, then the civil liberties will be jeopardized. Just like the time of the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s era, there are many ways in which governments and corporations tries to control the media. To avoid repercussions which include possible loss of business, these news organizations have to tilt towards the whims of these entities. References Clooney, G., Strathairn, D., Clarkson, P., Daniels, J., Downey, R. (2006). Good night, and good luck. Montreal: Distributed by TVA Films. Etienne, B. (1995). The Philosophy of Marx. Verso: La DÃ ©couverte, RepÃ ¨rs.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Things Fall Apart and The Power and the Glory Reading Response Chinua AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s world-renowned work, Things Fall Apart, centers around a Nigerian tribe which becomes the subject of conversion to Christianity via missionaries. During the course of this novel, we follow the central character, Okonkwo, through times of stability and times of change in his homeland to arrive at the cathartic ending of his suicide. Graham GreeneÃ¢â¬â¢s The Power and the Glory, however, centers around an unnamed whiskey priest, who is on the run from the authorities in Mexico, where religion has been outlawed. Over the course of this novel, the struggle between church and state is illustrated as well as the conflicting perspectives of the people both are trying toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Having seen the way his father was mocked, OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s entire life was Ã¢â¬Å"dominated by fear of failure and weakness,Ã¢â¬ and he made it his goal Ã¢â¬Å"hate his everything his father lovedÃ¢â¬ (Achebe 13). This, in turn, caused to Okonkwo to become Ã¢â¬Å" a man of action and a man of warÃ¢â¬ even though Ã¢â¬Å"perhaps down in his heart, Okonkwo was not a cruel manÃ¢â¬ (Achebe 13). Because of the community he lived in judged a man according to his worth as it was part of their culture and custom, the action-driven Okonkwo was able to succeed despite living in the shadow of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s failures. In addition to OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s success in his village, Achebe also shows how religion and culture is a source of stability by portraying it as a system of justice and moral code. The egwugwu, or the ancestral spirits of the tribes, served as the closest thing to a legal system in OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s society. In the context of the story, the egwugwu judged the case of Uzowulu, who was the kind of man to Ã¢â¬Å"not listen to any other decisionÃ¢â¬ other than the one given by the egwugwu (Achebe 94). Another source of ultimate authority was Ani, Ã¢â¬Å"the judge of morality and conductÃ¢â¬ (Achebe 36); when Okonkwo or any other m an broke her laws of peace, they were punished accordingly. The villagers and their beliefs about their ancestral spirits enabled a system of peace and harmony. In many ways, Achebe portrays the tribeÃ¢â¬â¢s culture and customs as an essential part of society in its own way, keeping the people together with
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Love, Loss and LongingÃ¢â¬âthree traits that many would agree Emily Grierson, the main character from William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose For EmilyÃ¢â¬ , experiences inexorably. At first glance, one might be confident in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of the story at face-value, claiming it to be a thrilling mystery with a mysterious ending. Another may try to analyze contextual evidence to answer some of the many unanswered questions this story proposes. Why does Emily sleep with the corpse of her late husband? Why does she kill him in the first place? Yet, I will not attempt to do so, at least not directly. I will instead turn to the perspective from which this story is told: that of the townspeople. The ways which they describe Emily will lead to tangential yet important realizations that they share more with the outlandish characters they describe than they realize, illuminating basic human tendencies that we all share along the way. In Part I of the story, Emily is introduc ed in detail that, at first glance, one may insignificant to the plot yet somewhat telling of EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s condition. After careful reflection on the words used, however, one could draw a very different conclusion: Ã¢â¬Å"[Emily] enteredÃ¢â¬âa small, fat woman in black, with a thin gold chain descending to her waist and vanishing into her belt, leaning on an ebony cane with a tarnished gold headÃ¢â¬ (1). Emily is, in part, a manifestation of the negative effects that inevitably accompany wealth. First, she is described as wearing all Ã¢â¬Å"blackÃ¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily951 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesliterary Response to Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ by William Faulkner was published in 1930. This short story is set in an old southern town. I believe that this and several other combinations of events are what made the main character Miss Emily go insane. Miss Emily was an old school southern woman trapped in a modernizing society. She tried desperately to keep to her old ways, but the changes that happened around her were inevitable. This made me feel like something was going to goRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily1316 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesminuscule detail in the writing. In order to fully enjoy William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ readers must do the latter. Faulkner is a witty writer; some symbols are less obvious than others in his writing. To fully appreciate and obtain full meaning of the text readers must pay attention to his symbols and how they contribute to the greater theme. William Faulkner uses symbolization in Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ to develop a theme of personal struggle. Emily faces many personal struggles: her relationship withRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Is William Faulkner s A Rose for Emily iconic American literature? Faulkner uses setting, theme and plot to show the ways Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ is an iconic American literature. Faulkner saw the Forum magazine with his short story he wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ and found out that was his first national publication. The Mississippi Writers Page says, Ã¢â¬Å"The man himself never stood taller than five feet, six inches tall, but in the realm of American literature, William Faulkner is a giantÃ¢â¬ (MWP). Read MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespoint of view is A Rose for Emily told? Why? In William Faulkner s short story A Rose for Emily the reader is given the account of an old woman who is rejected by society. The reader is acquainted with Miss Emily Grierson by a spectator, somebody who is not Miss Emily, but rather part of the town that rejects her. The storyteller has a somewhat omniscient perspective, knowing more than the normal town s individual, however not all that matters there is to think about Miss Emily. The storytellerRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily1801 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages William Faulkner is known for his many short stories, however, many has wondered what has influenced him in writing these stories. Like his well known, most famous short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ , which has always been compared to Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ , one of FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s other short story. It only make sense to compare them two together because these two stories has may similarities , whether it may be in setting , characters or style they favor each other . Nevertheless they also have many differencesRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBereavement While a Ã¢â¬Å"Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ by William Faulkner and Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ by Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor share the common themes of unexpected death and the old south, the murders found in each story are vastly different. Both stories tell of strong female protagonists who donÃ¢â¬â¢t cope well with change and both foreshadow death right from the beginning, but the murderers themselves come from completely different worlds. Emily Grierson of Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for Emily and the grandmother in Ã¢â¬Å"ARead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily879 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesare both similar due to how these emotions cause a human to act irrationally. The lone woman in A Rose for Emily and the cashier, Sammy, in A P both portrayed a greater sense of hate which overcame their love. We as humans, capable of powerful emotion typically act too quickly to even understand the consequences of our actions. One prime example is portrayed in William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s A Rose for Emily, Emily loved Homer tremendously, however he did not feel the same way Ã¢â¬ he liked men, and it was knownRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLyons Professor Amy Green Writing about Literature COM1102 Oct. 06, 2015 William Faulkner s A Rose for Emily is a short story that has also been adapted into a short film; both have been largely debated. FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of a normal chronology and situation-triggered memories generates a story that has many understandings among its readers, but surprises everyone at the end. When asked about the title of his story, Faulkner said, [The title] was an allegorical title; the meaning was, here was aRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily854 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Literary Response to Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ by William Faulkner was published in 1930. This short story is set in an old southern town. I believe that this and several other combinations of events are what made the main character Miss Emily go insane. Miss Emily was a old school southern woman trapped in a modernizing society. She tried desperately to try and keep to her old ways, but the changes were inevitable. This made me feel like something was going to go wrong very early inRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily1810 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages William Faulkner is one amazing writing ,who is known for his many short stories .However, many has wondered what has influenced him in writing these stories . Like his well known, most famous short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ , which has always been compared to Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ , one of FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s other short story. It only make sense to compare them two together because these two stories has may similarities , whether it may be in setting , characters or style they favor each other . Nevertheless
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Chronicle of a Death Foretold In Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Gabriel Garcia Marquez ridicules the hypocrisy of the church, which is central to the life of the village. While the townspeople celebrate the arrival of the Bishop; sex, alcohol, and murder coincide with the supposedly sacred event. Marquez reveals hypocrisy through biblical allusions, the villages hedonistic lifestyle, and the murder of Santiago Nasar. The bible is often used as source of divine inspiration, but in Chronicle of a Death Foretold biblical stories are satirized to reflect the hypocrisy of the church. For example, many of the townÃ¢â¬â¢s people are named after biblical characters, such as Maria Alejandra Cervantes and Pedro and Pablo Vicario, while they act in the most unchristian way. Maria Alejandra Cervantes is named after the mother of God, Mary, but is herself a prostitute, the exact opposite of Mary who was the eternal virgin. Pedro and Pablo Vicario are named after apostles, but are portrayed as alcoholics and murderers. We will write a custom essay sample on Death Foretold or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Peter did not directly kill Jesus, but denied Christ three times before his death. Pedro denies SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s innocence before the cock crows three times. Marquez portrays biblical allusion by relating each character to one who played a similar role in Jesus ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The small Colombian town is filled with many Christians, yet through the course of the novel, Marquez reveals that the denizens of the town only care about virtues which are contradictory to those of Christianity. The three day festivals which mark Angela and BayardoÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage the party, Ã¢â¬Å"had sacrificed forty turkeys and eleven hogs for the guests, and four calves which the bridegroom had set up to be roasted for the people on the public square. He recounted that 205 cases of contraband alcohol had been consumed and almost two thousand bottles of cane liquor, which had been distributed among the crowd. Ã¢â¬ (Marquez 18). The sheer amount of goods that Bayardo purchased for the party shows that some ChristianÃ¢â¬â¢s value gluttony and greed. The townÃ¢â¬â¢s people failed to warn Santiago about his murder and showed little to no or care. They had audacity to gather around SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s home to witness the crime, as if they did not care. Instead of following the Christian rule their determination to stick to hypocritical honor codes results to consequences such as the loss of innocent lives. Marquez compares the lifestyle of Jesus Christ to the life of Santiago Nasar. Ã¢â¬Å"Santiago put on a shirt and pants of white linenÃ¢â¬ (page 5). Like Jesus, Santiago wears a white linen shirt on the day he is supposed to die. White is symbolic for innocence and this choice of clothing promotes Santiago NasarÃ¢â¬â¢s innocence. The nature of SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s death is similar to the crucifixion of Christ. Santiago is stabbed through his hand against a wooden door by Pedro and Pablo Vicario, similar to Jesus being nailed to a wooden cross. The knife Ã¢â¬Å"went through the palm of his right hand and then sank into his sideÃ¢â¬ (Marquez 117). Christ nailed to the cross is a stigma, or Ã¢â¬Å"the bleeding of handsÃ¢â¬ . While Father Amador performs the autopsy, he discusses SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s wounds and compares SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s wounds to the wounds of Jesus Christ. Father Amador says, Ã¢â¬Å"He had a deep stab in the right hand, it looked like a stigma of the crucified ChristÃ¢â¬ (Marquez 75). Gabriel Garcia Marquez creates a society that is based on the morals of Christian values. All citizens of the town believe in living honestly, loving, and faithfully, but they seem to believe in values that contradict Christianity. Marquez compares Santiago Nasar physically and ideologically to Christ Jesus. Marquez reveals the social corruption in the town through SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Santiago died for the sake of the Vicario reputation. He died in a way of honor and respect like Jesus. He sacrificed himself for the greater good by dying for others sins.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Literature review of Age related constructs on Consumer Decision Making HealthDay News (2013) has reported an interesting research questions about Accumulated knowledge helped seniors outperform young adults when faced with economic choices by Randy Dotinga Health day reporter. In the report, Ye Li (2013) an assistant professor of management in the University of California, Riverside, and his new research suggested that: Seniors can be sharper than young adults at making financial decisions, mostly because they can tap into the wealth of knowledge they have accumulated over the ears. Still, the findings show that older people cannot process information quite as quickly, so it may take them longer to understand complex financial situations. Ye Li said that unlikely seniors not have any advantages then the young people when it comes to the financial decision making, for instance fguring out how to invest their 401 [k]s. (401(k) is a feature of a qualified profit-sharing plan that allows employees to contribute a portion of their wages to individual accounts, online definition of Retirement Plan). We will write a custom essay sample on Review of literature of aging or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There is some fact for types of decision making among enior and young adults, therefore Ye Li pointed that the research is mixed: Older adults seem to be better at some types of decision-making and worse at others. We were better trying to understand when and why older people get better or worse at decision-making. Ye Li explained that people may assume like older people make more wrong decisions than the younger people, the reason behind is that brainpower declines with age. In the latest study, the researcher questions to 632 participants 332 aged 18-29 years and 300 aged 60-82 years old participants and whose answered online questions. According to the survey questions the participants answered math questions and vocabulary test and they also answered the question about some extent for willingness to take risks and understanding of financial problem such as debt and compound interests. In the result of this research, the researchers found out that the older people performed as well as or better than younger participants on all measured decision-making tasks. Moreover, their accumulated knowledge appeared to make up for their lack of being as quick at processing questions. From the overall consequence of this research Paul Zak, chairman of the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies at Claremont Graduate University, compliment for the research. And he said that: Overall, the findings are great news for all of us with gray hair, because they suggest that accum ulated wisdom piles up and more than counterbalances cognitive decline. However, the research is flawed because it surveys people only to age 82. As a result, the authors of this study havent really told us much about cognitive decline and decisions, only that most of us can likely no ou through our Moreover Paul Zak noted that This study has too few participants to have confidence or the 70-plus crowd, but other studies show slow declines, on average. In my view of this research people could assume that older people can make a good decision when it comes to a financial decisions because seniors have a many years of experience than younger adults, the result of the study it seems obvious for me. And also researcher only includes relatively few participants in this study besides they only surveyed constricted amount of participants. And I agree with Paul Zaks overall comment about this research because this study didnt prove or explain about cognitive declines between seniors. Citation: Yi L, Paul Zak Reference: Ye L, Ph. D. , assistant professor, management, University of California, Riverside; Paul Zak, Ph. D. , chairman and professor, economics, and founding director, Center for Neuroeconomics Studies, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, Calif. http:// consumer. ealthday. com/senior-citizen-information-31/misc-aging-news-10/study- suggests-aging-doesn-t-dull-decision-making-skills-680529. html [Accessed 01. 11. 2013] I continue my research about aging and I found out some secondary data which is also addresses about the making intuitive decision for older people and oung people. This study shows very interesting conclusion and they proved that age doesnt necessarily affect decision making (2010). This study hypothesis that, Many people believe that getting older means losing a mental edge, leading to poor decision-making. But a new study from North Carolina State University shows that when it comes to making intuitive decisions using your gut instincts older adults fare as well as their Juniors. The researcher surveyed group of young adults aged 17-28 and older adults 60-86, and those groups of people who live in the community ot in a nursing home and to look at how the participants fared when making decision based on intuitive evaluation. For instance, researchers asked participants to choose from the overall positive attributes of listed apartments. Therefore under this circumstance, young and older adults were equally competent for making such decisions. However not every decisions can be made that way says Dr. Thomas Hess, a professor of psychology at NC State and co-author of the study. And he explained more about it as following: Some decisions require more active deliberation. For example, those decisions that requires people to distinguish pieces of information that are important from those that are unimportant to the decision at hand. And when it comes to more complex decision-making, older adults face more challenges than their younger counterparts. So forth he also explained about how people make intuitive decision and making such decisions are more relevant to their level ot education. He noted When it comes to making intuitive decisions, like choosing a dish to order from a menu, young and old are similar. Age differences are more likely to crop up when it omes to complex decision-making, such as choosing a health-care plan based on a complex array of information. But even then, it appears that any negative effects of aging will be more evident in those with lower levels of education. In addition he also says that the research result can change the way they present information to the older adults. And Tara Queen, a psychology
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Demography - Statistical Study of Human Populations Demography is the statistical study of human populations. It includes the study of the size, structure, and distributions of different populations and changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging, and death. It also includes the analysis of the relationships between economic, social, cultural, and biological process influencing a population. The field of sociology draws on huge bodies of data generated by a variety of sources, including the U.S. Census Bureau. Demography is widely used for various purposes and can encompass small, targeted populations or mass populations. Governments use demography for political observations, scientists use demography for research purposes, and businesses use demography for the purpose of advertising. Statistical concepts essential to demography include birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, fertility rate, and life expectancy. These concepts can be further broken down into more specific data, such as the ratio of men to women and the life expectancy of each gender. A census helps provide much of this information, in addition to vital statistic records. In some studies, the demography of an area is expanded to include education, income, the structure of the family unit, housing, race or ethnicity, and religion. The information gathered and studied for a demographic overview of a population depends on the party utilizing the information. From the census and vital statistics gathered using a wide variety of sources, sociologists can create a picture of the U.S. population Ã¢â¬â who we are, how we are changing, and even who we will be in the future.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
How smart phone change or life(draw back and advantage) - Research Paper Example The dominant perspective is that smart phones are killing personal computing, citing the tremendous growth in usage, mobile technology and capability. According to a report in The Guardian, smartphones are already poised to be the dominant device where people connect to the Internet, hold data, run programs and organize their lives - functions that have been what the PCs are made to do. What is important from these developments is that smartphones are changing the way people live, including the way humans perceive themselves and what it actually means to be human in the modern times and in the near future. Here, smartphones are showing what the author P.G. Wodehouse called as Ã¢â¬Å"the frozen limitÃ¢â¬ or that which breaks the barriers set by constraints and limitations in our society and the world. What are Smartphones Motorola has been credited to have introduced the first truly mobile hand help phone. A team from this organization led by Martin Cooper developed the first hand set in 1973 and it was huge, weighing a staggering two kilograms (Teixeira, 2010). Back then, the cost of manufacturing a mobile costs at least $1 million as opposed to the cost of making the latest iPhone today, which is only estimated to be $191 (Associated Press 2013). In 1978, the analog cellular system was introduced and the most advanced of this technology was build in 1983, with a cost of $100 million and took almost a decade to reach consumers (Associated Press, 2012). The phones in this technology were sold for almost $4,000 each and it only has an average of about 30-minute talk time (Associated Press 2012). By 1990s, the second generation 2G phone was introduced. Around this time, the SMS - a new way of mobile communication was introduced. This began the rapid development of mobile phones as handsets began featuring capabilities for rich media content. This is now the time when mobile phones became feature phones, then, finally, smart phones. As usage became widespread, p eople start to demand more mobile data and this led to the third generation (3G) mobile technology, which was typified by reliable data speeds. New media capabilities such as video streaming became possible. Recently, the world was introduced to the wonders of 4G mobile technology, which features more incredible data speed than 3G technology (Thomas 2013). The development in data speed has been complemented by the rapid evolution of mobile phone hardware. From the first hand set back in 1973 to the current iPhone and Android phones, the changes have been revolutionary especially in terms of size, display, user interface, appearance, and battery life. The implications of these developments are that today people can communicate while on the go in numerous ways: through telephony, video, VOIP, SMS, and so on. The advances in mobile technology also magnify the tremendous benefits of the Internet. And this is further highlighted by the fact that mobile phone users have grown. Last year, the UN has reported that there are now six billion mobile phone subscribers all over the world (BBC, 2012). Impact on Human Lives There are many studies that provide empirical evidence showing how telephony has favorable effects on a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic growth. For example, Unwin (2009) documented the relationship between economic growth